If your basement lacks light and you want light to enter in, you first need to open up the ground next to the wall outside, deep and large enough so that the opening would allow light to enter your basement. And in order for the earth not to go back and create a mess after installing a window to seal the wall, you need to put a retaining wall to keep this from happening. The next necessary thing to do is to put draining so that the open pit outside the basement will not be made into a pool or a water repository. This is what is being typified by the word “window well”.
Natural light coming in through the basement window is full of benefits especially if it is natural and carries the full spectrum of color and ray , since it is deal for plant and animal life on earth, helps rejuvenate and repair life forms at the cellular level, increase one’s energy and metabolism, boost the immune system, and helps build vitamin D. The activity of organisms is stimulated and the infiltration of critters is encouraged if there is darkness, dimness, or the absence of photo electricity.
Water leakage, dirt and critters coming in through cracks, seepage spawn when the wall is not mounted flush onto the foundation walls, and allowing water to penetrate from underneath then out to the floor are some of the unwanted results of having an improperly installed window well system.
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The whole idea of installing a window well can be ruined by incorrect window well sizing system. Sometimes window well are not deep enough and not wide enough for the window size since both are required to have a workable drainage system.
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Soil and debris contamination induced by poor gravel layering or debris that prevents water from reaching the gravel layer to drain the water from the hole are the causes of poorly draining window wells. Assuming that the gravel layering is properly paved, when it is contaminated by sediments, the excellent drainage qualities of the layered gravel are lost. Some of the main causes of clogging in your layering system are leaves, newspapers, and plastic bags, making them useless if your window well system is incapable of fending it, including snow. This will not happen if you are diligent in cleaning them up as often as possible.
Today, there are modern innovative ideas that prevents problems caused by traditional window wells incorporated in present window well systems. Clearer and more durable window well cover, galvanized steel barrier is replaced by a durable poly-carbonate barrier that will not rust, adjustable window to fit any depth of window as well as meet the building code for safe emergency and so on.